BOTOX® is a popular injectable most often used for cosmetic treatments such as smoothing lines and wrinkles in the face. It is derived from natural, purified protein of the Botulinum toxin. Using an ultrafine needle, the injections are placed into the muscle that rests just under the skin. The facial muscles become relaxed when the nerve impulses are blocked and a reduction in the activity of the muscles that cause frown lines between the brows to form over time is evident. Once these muscles are at rest, the skin will become smoother, creating a more natural and relaxed appearance. Results typically last up to three to four months. Continuous treatments are necessary to maintain the effects over time.
When the facial muscles become overactive, they can produce deep lines in the forehead, around the mouth, and by the eyes. The Botox injections relax the muscles and decrease muscle movement to reduce the appearance of deep lines or creases. When Botox is injected into a muscle that is causing the formation of wrinkling in the skin, the overlying skin becomes smoother which results in a more youthful appearance.
The full effect of treatment will not be visible for at least one or two weeks after the initial treatment. The longevity of the toxin effect will vary from person to person. Botox is usually metabolized by the body in approximately four to six months. Patients often choose to continue treatments for maintenance with the intervals between re-treatments increasing with ongoing maintenance treatments. Some patients maintain yearly treatment sessions.
The procedure is approximately fifteen minutes long and it involves injecting the medicine in the area to be treated using fine needles. Botox treatment requires no recovery time and has a very low incidence of side effects such as temporary bruising at the injection site.